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88 datasets found
  1. d

    The Marshall Project: COVID Cases in Prisons

    • data.world
    zip, csv
    Updated Jan 15, 2021
  2. d

    us-states-sociological-metrics

    • data.world
    zip, csv
    Updated Nov 6, 2020
  3. d

    Data from: Prison Population statistics

    • data.gov.uk
    • data.wu.ac.at
    pdf, rtf, doc, xls +2
    Updated Apr 6, 2018
  4. d

    Prison population projections, England and Wales

    • data.gov.uk
    • data.wu.ac.at
    xlsx, pdf, xls
    Updated Sep 5, 2016
  5. Youth correctional services, average counts of young persons, by province...

    • data.wu.ac.at
    csv, html
    Updated Feb 13, 2018
  6. International Prison Rates

    • data.wu.ac.at
    csv
    Updated Jul 15, 2015
  7. d

    Unsentenced detainees as a proportion of overall prison population

    • data.gov.au
    • magda.3dimension.jp
    csv
    Updated Dec 6, 2018
  8. Changes in the prevalence rates of substance and medicine consumption before...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 4, 2019
  9. Detailed data on the number of suicides and individuals in the prison...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xlsx
    Updated Apr 24, 2020
  10. d

    Prison Population Projections (NS)

    • data.gov.uk
    • data.wu.ac.at
    xls
    Updated Feb 9, 2010
  11. Comparing mortality rates across age groups between the 2000 Ontario prison...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Apr 15, 2017
  12. Drug-related deaths and suicide in prison custody

    • www.ons.gov.uk
    xlsx
    Updated Jul 25, 2019
  13. I

    Invisible women: the costs of prison and indirect effects on women

    • mydata.iadb.org
    tsv, xml +4
    Updated 31 may 2016
  14. f

    Costs, health effects, and ICERs for a prison of 1,000 individuals.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  15. f

    Outcomes for a prison of 1,000 individuals in Tajikistan, the Russian...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  16. Prevalence rates of intestinal parasites among inmates serving sentences at...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 22, 2017
  17. Reconviction and rearrest rates in adult men and women receiving community...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 20, 2019
  18. Reported rearrest rates for cohorts aged 18 and older.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 20, 2019
  19. e

    Self-harm by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated May 11, 2020
  20. Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders in prison population of the state of...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  21. Twelve-month prevalence of mental disorders in prison population in the...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  22. d

    Offender management statistics quarterly bulletin

    • data.gov.uk
    • www.europeandataportal.eu
    • +1more
    zip, xlsx, pdf, xls +1
    Updated Sep 7, 2016
  23. Overall, male and female 5-year HIV diagnoses rates and independent...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 11, 2018
  24. Spearman correlations between prison population and other variables for all...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 3, 2015
  25. e

    Self-harm in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Mar 2, 2018
  26. Baseline Characteristics of the Study Population (n = 323).

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  27. Spearman correlations among independent covariates and overall, male, and...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 11, 2018
  28. e

    Self-harm in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Oct 10, 2017
  29. d

    Proven Re-offending statistics

    • data.gov.uk
    • www.europeandataportal.eu
    • +1more
    zip, pdf, xls
    Updated Apr 6, 2018
  30. e

    Assaults by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated May 11, 2020
  31. Multilevel regression models of overall and gender stratified 5-year HIV...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 11, 2018
  32. d

    Irish Prison Service Census of Restricted Regimes

    • data.world
    zip, csv
    Updated May 22, 2020
  33. e

    Self-harm in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Sep 6, 2018
  34. Bacteriologically-confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis in an Ethiopian prison:...

    • figshare.com
    xlsx
    Updated Dec 12, 2019
  35. d

    Prison Boundaries

    • data.world
    zip, csv
    Updated Apr 24, 2020
  36. Description of the transition rates in the model

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  37. Spatiotemporal Clustering of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Genotypes in...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xlsx, tiff, pdf
    Updated Apr 20, 2016
  38. f

    Population in male prison units located in the Pontal do Paranapanema...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Feb 21, 2019
  39. Prevalence ratio for continuity of HIV care and HIV viral suppression by...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 3, 2015
  40. Associations between PTSD and problematic behaviours.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 26, 2019
  41. Key features of included studies.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 26, 2019
  42. e

    Violence involving prisoners

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Oct 10, 2017
  43. e

    Self-inflicted deaths in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Mar 14, 2019
  44. Mortality in HIV-Infected Alcohol and Drug Users in St. Petersburg, Russia

    • figshare.com
    pdf, xls
    Updated Nov 30, 2016
  45. e

    Self-inflicted deaths in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Aug 21, 2018
  46. e

    Self-harm in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated May 7, 2019
  47. d

    Horse Colic

    • data.world
    zip, csv
    Updated Nov 4, 2020
  48. Standard mortality ratios (SMR) of citizens and non-citizens exposed to the...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 8, 2017
  49. Yield of all forms of pulmonary TB by patient’s characteristics (prison...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Feb 3, 2017
  50. Correlations between aggressive and attention deficit disorder behaviours...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 3, 2015
  51. H

    Data from: Institutionalized Police Brutality: Torture, the Militarization...

    • dataverse.harvard.edu
    +7
    Updated Aug 3, 2020
  52. Measures of Aggressive and Attention Deficit Behaviours (adjusted T-scores)...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 3, 2015
  53. f

    Data from: Crime and Fiscal Policy in Europe: The Effect of Shadow Economy

    • figshare.com
    • data.mendeley.com
    • +1more
    xlsx
    Updated Feb 25, 2020
  54. e

    Restrictive physical interventions involving young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated May 11, 2020
  55. e

    Single separation incidents for young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated May 11, 2020
  56. H

    Petition of Shubael Gorham

    • dataverse.harvard.edu
    xlsx
    Updated Sep 29, 2018
  57. w

    Knife Possession Sentencing Statistics

    • data.wu.ac.at
    • data.gov.uk
    pdf, html, xls
    Updated May 25, 2018
  58. Dept of Justice Annual Report 2011/12 - Prison Services Statistics 5 Year...

    • data.wu.ac.at
    xls
    Updated Jul 15, 2015
  59. HIV risk behavior of inmates, Central Jail, Aizawl, Mizoram, 2017.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  60. e

    Assaults carried out by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Oct 11, 2017
  61. Percentage changes of target variables for all 26 countries between 1993 and...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 3, 2015
  62. e

    Restrictive physical interventions involving young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Aug 31, 2018
  63. d

    Local Area Unemployment Statistics: Beginning 1976

    • data.world
    • www.splitgraph.com
    • +2more
    zip, csv
    Updated Sep 26, 2020
  64. e

    Single separation incidents for young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Aug 31, 2018
  65. e

    Single separation incidents for young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Dec 21, 2017
  66. e

    Restrictive physical interventions involving young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Jan 31, 2018
  67. Baseline Characteristics of the Study Population (n = 298).

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  68. e

    Assaults carried out by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Sep 6, 2018
  69. e

    Single separation incidents for young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Jun 27, 2019
  70. e

    Use of force on young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Jun 27, 2019
  71. e

    Self-harm by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Oct 2, 2018
  72. e

    Self-harm by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Oct 10, 2017
  73. e

    Assaults carried out by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Jun 27, 2019
  74. Pre- and post-screening tuberculosis status of inmates, Central Jail,...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  75. Tests of equality of group means.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 6, 2018
  76. Tuberculosis risk factors among inmates, Central Jail, Aizawl, Mizoram,...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  77. d

    Recurring Findings

    • data.world
    zip, csv
    Updated May 11, 2019
  78. H

    Petition of Israel Amos

    • dataverse.harvard.edu
    xlsx
    Updated Sep 29, 2018
  79. f

    Sociodemographic and risk behaviors variables in 4 female Brazilian prisons....

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated 03/12/2015
  80. Summary of discriminant characteristics for crimes.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 6, 2018
  81. d

    Statistique trimestrielle du milieu ouvert (Hors écrou)

    • www.data.gouv.fr
    • www.europeandataportal.eu
    • +1more
    xlsx
    Updated 7 mars 2019
  82. Characteristics of Cases inside the Multinomial Haarlem Clusters.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Apr 20, 2016
  83. d

    HSLS (High School Longitudinal Study of 2009)

    • data.world
    zip, csv
    Updated Oct 4, 2020
  84. Mean and standard deviation of the T scores of the 22 PAI scales for the...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 6, 2018
  85. Treatment outcomes of TB patients by target population.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Feb 3, 2017
  86. Allelic Diversity of Clinical M. tuberculosis Complex Isolates in Florida,...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Apr 20, 2016
  87. Characteristics of Genotyped Tuberculosis Cases in Florida, 2009–2013.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Apr 20, 2016
  88. Data_Sheet_3_Prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in...

    • frontiersin.figshare.com
    xlsx
    Updated Aug 2, 2018
  89. Not seeing a result you expected?
    Learn how you can add new datasets to our index.

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Cite
The Associated Press (2021). The Marshall Project: COVID Cases in Prisons [Dataset]. https://data.world/associatedpress/marshall-project-covid-cases-in-prisons

The Marshall Project: COVID Cases in Prisons

The Marshall Project is compiling data on the prevalence of COVID-19 infection in prisons across the country

zip, csvAvailable download formats
Dataset updated Jan 15, 2021
Dataset provided by
data.world
Authors
The Associated Press
Time period covered
Jun 30, 2019 - Jan 15, 2021
Description

Overview

The Marshall Project, the nonprofit investigative newsroom dedicated to the U.S. criminal justice system, has partnered with The Associated Press to compile data on the prevalence of COVID-19 infection in prisons across the country. The Associated Press is sharing this data as the most comprehensive current national source of COVID-19 outbreaks in state and federal prisons.

Lawyers, criminal justice reform advocates and families of the incarcerated have worried about what was happening in prisons across the nation as coronavirus began to take hold in the communities outside. Data collected by The Marshall Project and AP shows that hundreds of thousands of prisoners, workers, correctional officers and staff have caught the illness as prisons became the center of some of the country’s largest outbreaks. And thousands of people — most of them incarcerated — have died.

In December, as COVID-19 cases spiked across the U.S., the news organizations also shared cumulative rates of infection among prison populations, to better gauge the total effects of the pandemic on prison populations. The analysis found that by mid-December, one in five state and federal prisoners in the United States had tested positive for the coronavirus -- a rate more than four times higher than the general population.

This data, which is updated weekly, is an effort to track how those people have been affected and where the crisis has hit the hardest.

Methodology and Caveats

The data tracks the number of COVID-19 tests administered to people incarcerated in all state and federal prisons, as well as the staff in those facilities. It is collected on a weekly basis by Marshall Project and AP reporters who contact each prison agency directly and verify published figures with officials.

Each week, the reporters ask every prison agency for the total number of coronavirus tests administered to its staff members and prisoners, the cumulative number who tested positive among staff and prisoners, and the numbers of deaths for each group.

The time series data is aggregated to the system level; there is one record for each prison agency on each date of collection. Not all departments could provide data for the exact date requested, and the data indicates the date for the figures.

To estimate the rate of infection among prisoners, we collected population data for each prison system before the pandemic, roughly in mid-March, in April, June, July, August, September and October. Beginning the week of July 28, we updated all prisoner population numbers, reflecting the number of incarcerated adults in state or federal prisons. Prior to that, population figures may have included additional populations, such as prisoners housed in other facilities, which were not captured in our COVID-19 data. In states with unified prison and jail systems, we include both detainees awaiting trial and sentenced prisoners.

To estimate the rate of infection among prison employees, we collected staffing numbers for each system. Where current data was not publicly available, we acquired other numbers through our reporting, including calling agencies or from state budget documents. In six states, we were unable to find recent staffing figures: Alaska, Hawaii, Kentucky, Maryland, Montana, Utah.

To calculate the cumulative COVID-19 impact on prisoner and prison worker populations, we aggregated prisoner and staff COVID case and death data up through Dec. 15. Because population snapshots do not account for movement in and out of prisons since March, and because many systems have significantly slowed the number of new people being sent to prison, it’s difficult to estimate the total number of people who have been held in a state system since March. To be conservative, we calculated our rates of infection using the largest prisoner population snapshots we had during this time period.

As with all COVID-19 data, our understanding of the spread and impact of the virus is limited by the availability of testing. Epidemiology and public health experts say that aside from a few states that have recently begun aggressively testing in prisons, it is likely that there are more cases of COVID-19 circulating undetected in facilities. Sixteen prison systems, including the Federal Bureau of Prisons, would not release information about how many prisoners they are testing.

Corrections departments in Indiana, Kansas, Montana, North Dakota and Wisconsin report coronavirus testing and case data for juvenile facilities; West Virginia reports figures for juvenile facilities and jails. For consistency of comparison with other state prison systems, we removed those facilities from our data that had been included prior to July 28. For these states we have also removed staff data. Similarly, Pennsylvania’s coronavirus data includes testing and cases for those who have been released on parole. We removed these tests and cases for prisoners from the data prior to July 28. The staff cases remain.

About the Data

There are four tables in this data:

  • covid_prison_cases.csv contains weekly time series data on tests, infections and deaths in prisons. The first dates in the table are on March 26. Any questions that a prison agency could not or would not answer are left blank.

  • prison_populations.csv contains snapshots of the population of people incarcerated in each of these prison systems for whom data on COVID testing and cases are available. This varies by state and may not always be the entire number of people incarcerated in each system. In some states, it may include other populations, such as those on parole or held in state-run jails. This data is primarily for use in calculating rates of testing and infection, and we would not recommend using these numbers to compare the change in how many people are being held in each prison system.

  • staff_populations.csv contains a one-time, recent snapshot of the headcount of workers for each prison agency, collected as close to April 15 as possible.

  • covid_prison_rates.csv contains the rates of cases and deaths for prisoners. There is one row for every state and federal prison system and an additional row with the National totals.

Queries

The Associated Press and The Marshall Project have created several queries to help you use this data:

Get your state's prison COVID data: Provides each week's data from just your state and calculates a cases-per-100000-prisoners rate, a deaths-per-100000-prisoners rate, a cases-per-100000-workers rate and a deaths-per-100000-workers rate here

Rank all systems' most recent data by cases per 100,000 prisoners here

Find what percentage of your state's total cases and deaths -- as reported by Johns Hopkins University -- occurred within the prison system here

Attribution

In stories, attribute this data to: “According to an analysis of state prison cases by The Marshall Project, a nonprofit investigative newsroom dedicated to the U.S. criminal justice system, and The Associated Press.”

Contributors

Many reporters and editors at The Marshall Project and The Associated Press contributed to this data, including: Katie Park, Tom Meagher, Weihua Li, Gabe Isman, Cary Aspinwall, Keri Blakinger, Jake Bleiberg, Andrew R. Calderón, Maurice Chammah, Andrew DeMillo, Eli Hager, Jamiles Lartey, Claudia Lauer, Nicole Lewis, Humera Lodhi, Colleen Long, Joseph Neff, Michelle Pitcher, Alysia Santo, Beth Schwartzapfel, Damini Sharma, Colleen Slevin, Christie Thompson, Abbie VanSickle, Adria Watson, Andrew Welsh-Huggins.

Questions

If you have questions about the data, please email The Marshall Project at info+covidtracker@themarshallproject.org or file a Github issue.

To learn more about AP's data journalism capabilities for publishers, corporations and financial institutions, go here or email kromano@ap.org.

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