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87 datasets found
  1. d

    us-states-sociological-metrics

    • data.world
    zip, csv
    Updated May 17, 2020
  2. O

    3-Year Recidivism for Offenders Released from Prison in Iowa

    • data.iowa.gov
    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    • +1more
    application/rssxml +5
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  3. International Prison Rates

    • data.wu.ac.at
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    Updated Jul 15, 2015
  4. Youth correctional services, average counts of young persons, by province...

    • data.wu.ac.at
    csv, html
    Updated Feb 13, 2018
  5. e

    Arrests

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Feb 10, 2020
  6. d

    The Marshall Project: COVID Cases in Prisons

    • data.world
    zip, csv
    Updated Jun 21, 2020
  7. f

    Changes in the prevalence rates of substance and medicine consumption before...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 4, 2019
  8. f

    Prevalence rates of intestinal parasites among inmates serving sentences at...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 22, 2017
  9. f

    Comparison of the prevalence rates between the prison population and the...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  10. f

    Comparing mortality rates across age groups between the 2000 Ontario prison...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Apr 15, 2017
  11. f

    Detailed data on the number of suicides and individuals in the prison...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xlsx
    Updated Apr 24, 2020
  12. e

    Pupil exclusions

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Jan 27, 2020
  13. e

    Self-harm by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated May 11, 2020
  14. f

    Data from: 1324 Prison Suicides in 10 Countries in South America: Incidence,...

    • figshare.com
    xlsx
    Updated Jun 20, 2020
  15. e

    Young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated May 11, 2020
  16. f

    Suicide rates of citizens and non-citizens within the prison population and...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 8, 2017
  17. f

    Outcomes for a prison of 1,000 individuals in Tajikistan, the Russian...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  18. f

    Incidence rates of active TB (%) and prison screening and diagnostic...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  19. f

    Reconviction and rearrest rates in adult men and women receiving community...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 20, 2019
  20. f

    Reported reconviction rates for cohorts of adult individuals receiving...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 20, 2019
  21. Victoria's Imprisonment rates, 1871 to 2011

    • data.wu.ac.at
    csv
    Updated Jul 15, 2015
  22. Drug-related deaths and suicide in prison custody

    • cy.ons.gov.uk
    xlsx
    Updated 25 Gorff 2019
  23. d

    Proven Re-offending statistics

    • data.gov.uk
    • www.europeandataportal.eu
    • +1more
    zip, pdf, xls
    Updated Apr 6, 2018
  24. f

    Reported rearrest rates for cohorts aged 18 and older.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 20, 2019
  25. e

    Self-harm in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Mar 2, 2018
  26. e

    Self-harm in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Oct 10, 2017
  27. f

    Age distribution by sex of persons in the 2000 Ontario prison cohort* at the...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Apr 15, 2017
  28. f

    Overall, male and female 5-year HIV diagnoses rates and independent...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 11, 2018
  29. e

    Restrictive physical interventions involving young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated May 11, 2020
  30. e

    Self-harm in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Sep 6, 2018
  31. f

    S1 Appendix -

    • figshare.com
    • www.researchgate.net
    xlsx
    Updated Apr 27, 2020
  32. f

    Adjusted* Hazard Ratios for Crowding and Other Predictors of Earlier Parole...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 3, 2015
  33. f

    Association between receipt of health care services and incarceration or...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Oct 31, 2016
  34. f

    Inmate profile, Central Jail, Aizawl, Mizoram, 2017.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  35. f

    Description of the transition rates in the model

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  36. f

    Spearman correlations among independent covariates and overall, male, and...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 11, 2018
  37. f

    Tuberculosis risk factors among inmates, Central Jail, Aizawl, Mizoram,...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  38. f

    Bacteriologically-confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis in an Ethiopian prison:...

    • figshare.com
    xlsx
    Updated Dec 12, 2019
  39. f

    Sociodemographic characteristics of inmates serving sentences at three...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 22, 2017
  40. f

    Estimated number of releases and crude mortality rate within 28 days of...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 21, 2016
  41. f

    Data_Sheet_3_Prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in...

    • figshare.com
    xlsx
    Updated Aug 2, 2018
  42. f

    Prevalence of intestinal parasites among inmates in Midwest Brazil

    • figshare.com
    xlsx, pdf
    Updated Sep 22, 2017
  43. f

    Multilevel regression models of overall and gender stratified 5-year HIV...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 11, 2018
  44. e

    Use of force on young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated May 11, 2020
  45. f

    Univariate negative binomial regression models of 5-year overall, male and...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 11, 2018
  46. e

    Self-inflicted deaths in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Mar 14, 2019
  47. f

    Pre- and post-screening tuberculosis status of inmates, Central Jail,...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  48. f

    Pre- and post-screening HIV status of inmates, Central Jail, Aizawl,...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  49. f

    HIV risk behavior of inmates, Central Jail, Aizawl, Mizoram, 2017.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  50. f

    Mortality in HIV-Infected Alcohol and Drug Users in St. Petersburg, Russia

    • figshare.com
    pdf, xls
    Updated Nov 30, 2016
  51. e

    Self-harm in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated May 7, 2019
  52. e

    Self-inflicted deaths in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Aug 21, 2018
  53. Dept of Justice Annual Report 2011/12 - Prison Services Statistics 5 Year...

    • data.wu.ac.at
    xls
    Updated Jul 15, 2015
  54. f

    Associations between PTSD and comorbid mental disorders.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 26, 2019
  55. f

    Associations between PTSD and problematic behaviours.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 26, 2019
  56. e

    Single separation incidents for young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated May 11, 2020
  57. f

    Overview of associations with PTSD.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 26, 2019
  58. f

    Key features of included studies.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 26, 2019
  59. f

    Population in male prison units located in the Pontal do Paranapanema...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Feb 21, 2019
  60. d

    Horse Colic

    • data.world
    zip, csv
    Updated Feb 6, 2020
  61. e

    Assaults carried out by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Oct 10, 2017
  62. f

    Spearman correlations between prison population and other variables for all...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 3, 2015
  63. e

    Restrictive physical interventions involving young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Aug 31, 2018
  64. e

    Single separation incidents for young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Aug 31, 2018
  65. e

    Single separation incidents for young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Dec 21, 2017
  66. e

    Restrictive physical interventions involving young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Jan 31, 2018
  67. f

    Cases of single- and mixed-species intestinal infection among positively...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 22, 2017
  68. e

    Self-harm by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Oct 2, 2018
  69. e

    Assaults carried out by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Sep 6, 2018
  70. f

    Crime and Fiscal Policy in Europe: The Effect of Shadow Economy

    • figshare.com
    • data.mendeley.com
    • +1more
    xlsx
    Updated Feb 25, 2020
  71. f

    Yield of all forms of pulmonary TB by patient’s characteristics (prison...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Feb 3, 2017
  72. e

    Self-harm by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Oct 10, 2017
  73. e

    Assaults carried out by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Jun 27, 2019
  74. f

    Standard mortality ratios (SMR) of citizens and non-citizens exposed to the...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 8, 2017
  75. f

    Estimated number of releases, deaths and CMR within 365 days of release,...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 21, 2016
  76. f

    Type of correctional facilities covered in this study.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 7, 2018
  77. f

    Results of two-part regression models of prisoners’ generalist, nursing and...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Oct 31, 2017
  78. f

    Summary statistics of independent variables.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Oct 31, 2017
  79. f

    Summary statistics of generalist, nursing and psychiatric healthcare...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Oct 31, 2017
  80. f

    Percentage changes of target variables for all 26 countries between 1993 and...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 3, 2015
  81. f

    Main characteristics according to the presence of current or past HCV...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 26, 2019
  82. f

    Factors associated with HCV infection in prisoners from the southern and...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 26, 2019
  83. f

    Symptoms reported by inmates with positive parasitological stool tests.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 22, 2017
  84. f

    Logistic regression analysis of structural, social, and behavioral factors...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 22, 2017
  85. f

    Characteristics of participants by target population.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Feb 3, 2017
  86. f

    Centrelink estimate of mortality within 28 and 365 days of release from...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 21, 2016
  87. f

    Characteristics of releases and deaths among adults released from Queensland...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 21, 2016
  88. Not seeing a result you expected?
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Crime and Incarceration in the United States

21st century state crime and prison custody statistics

zip (195989 bytes)Available download formats
Dataset updated Oct 12, 2018
Authors
ChrisC
License

CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedicationhttps://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
License information was derived automatically

Description

Context

In 1975, the United States set a new record with 240,593 prisoners incarcerated by state or federal agencies. The United States achieved new record totals during each of the next 34 years. Today, there are over 1,500,000 prisoners in the United States. Over one quarter of the world's entire population of prisoners is located in the United States.

The U.S. Education deparment reports state and local government expenditures on prisons (and jails - not reflected in this dataset) have increased about three times as fast as spending on elementary and secondary education during this time period. Does this significant investment into imprisonment improve public safety? This dataset brings together crime and incarceration statistics to help researchers explore this relationship.

Content

The Bureau of Justice Statistics administers the National Prisoners Statistics Program (NPS), an annual data collection effort that began in response to a 1926 congressional mandate. The population statistics reflect each state's prisoner population as of December 31 for the recorded year. Prisoners listed under federal jurisdiction are incarcerated by the U.S. Bureau of Prisons.

The Uniform Crime Report (UCR) has served as the FBI's primary national data collection tool since a 1930 congressional mandate directed the Attorney General to "acquire, collect, classify, and preserve identification, criminal identification, crime, and other records." The FBI collects this information voluntarily submitted by local, state, and fedral law enforcement agencies. Some U.S. municipalities choose not to participate fully in the program. The crimes_estimated field indicates cases where the FBI estimated state totals due to lack of participation by some municipalities within a state. The crime_reporting_change field reflects instances when states' reporting standards change. For more information on the responsible use of this dataset, please see Uniform Crime Reporting Statistics: Their Proper Use

Acknowledgements

State and Federal prisoner population figures published by Bureau of Justice Statistics.

State crime and population statistics published by the FBI Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program. https://www.ucrdatatool.gov/Search/Crime/State/RunCrimeStatebyState.cfm

Banner Photo by Oscar Söderlund on Unsplash

Inspiration

What is the relationship between incarceration rates and crime rates? Does mass incarceration improve public safety? See below for some recent statements from U.S. politicians related to the relationship between crime and incarceration. Are the data consistent with any of these statements?

"There is no better way to reduce crime than to identify, target, and incapacitate those hardened criminals... we cannot incapacitate these criminals unless we build sufficient prison and jail space to house them. " - Nominee for 85th U.S. Attorney General William Barr, October 28, 1992

"Violent crime has declined since the 1980s because mandatory minimums adopted then locked up violent criminals." - Senator Tom Cotton, August 15, 2018

"You may assume mass incarceration exists because people are committing more crimes. But that is not true... The incredibly costly reality is that prisons in our nation continue to grow irrespective of crime rates. It is a bureaucracy that has been expanding independent of our security or safety." - Senator Cory Booker, Apr 28, 2015

"It is far from clear whether this dramatic increase in incarceration for drug crimes has had enough of an effect on property and violent crime rates to justify the human toll of more incarceration." - Senator Ted Cruz, Apr 27, 2015

"For several decades, tough laws and long sentences have created the illusion that public safety is best served when we treat all offenders the same way: arrest, convict, incarcerate..." - Senator Kamala Harris, Apr 27, 2015

"We've got some space to put some people! We need to reverse a trend that suggested that criminals won't be confronted seriously with their crimes" - 84th U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions, March 15, 2018

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