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96 datasets found
  1. d

    The Marshall Project: COVID Cases in Prisons

    • data.world
    csv, zip
    Updated May 3, 2021
  2. d

    Data from: Prison Population statistics

    • data.gov.uk
    • data.europa.eu
    • +1more
    doc, ods, odt, pdf +2
    Updated Apr 6, 2018
  3. d

    Prison Population

    • data.world
    csv, zip
    Updated Jun 21, 2020
  4. d

    Prison Facilities - U.S., 2016

    • data.world
    csv, zip
    Updated Apr 17, 2021
  5. International Prison Rates

    • data.wu.ac.at
    csv
    Updated Jul 15, 2015
  6. State_Prison_Population_and_Rates_1951-2003 – Research Data for New York’s...

    • sage.figshare.com
    xlsx
    Updated Aug 29, 2020
  7. 3

    Unsentenced detainees as a proportion of overall prison population

    • magda.3dimension.jp
    • data.gov.au
    csv
    Updated Dec 6, 2018
  8. Q

    Data for: "Blame avoidance and policy stability in developing democracies:...

    • data.qdr.syr.edu
    pdf, tsv, txt, xlsx
    Updated Jan 26, 2018
  9. s

    Self-harm in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated May 14, 2019
  10. d

    Prison Population Projections (NS)

    • data.gov.uk
    • data.wu.ac.at
    xls
    Updated Feb 9, 2010
  11. s

    Violence involving prisoners

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated May 14, 2019
  12. Detailed data on the number of suicides and individuals in the prison...

    • figshare.com
    xlsx
    Updated Apr 24, 2020
  13. f

    Data from: Prevalence of HCV infection in a prison population of the greater...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 24, 2019
  14. Age distribution by sex of persons in the 2000 Ontario prison cohort* at the...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Apr 15, 2017
  15. d

    Offender Management Statistics

    • data.gov.uk
    • data.europa.eu
    • +1more
    pdf, xls, zip
    Updated Mar 30, 2018
  16. Youth correctional services, average counts of young persons, by province...

    • data.wu.ac.at
    csv, html
    Updated Feb 13, 2018
  17. s

    Self-harm in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Mar 2, 2018
  18. d

    Prison population projections, England and Wales

    • data.gov.uk
    • data.europa.eu
    • +1more
    pdf, xls, xlsx
    Updated Sep 5, 2016
  19. s

    Self-harm in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Oct 10, 2017
  20. d

    Caseload and Statistics for Long-term Prison Sentences Review Board -...

    • data.gov.hk
    csv
    Updated Apr 1, 2021
  21. d

    us-states-sociological-metrics

    • data.world
    csv, zip
    Updated Feb 16, 2021
  22. s

    Prison officer workforce

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Mar 19, 2021
  23. O

    Prison locations

    • www.data.qld.gov.au
    • researchdata.edu.au
    csv
    Updated Jul 7, 2020
  24. s

    Self-harm by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Mar 4, 2021
  25. Victoria's Imprisonment rates, 1871 to 2011

    • data.wu.ac.at
    csv
    Updated Jul 15, 2015
  26. I

    Invisible women: the costs of prison and indirect effects on women

    • mydata.iadb.org
    • www.splitgraph.com
    application/rdfxml +5
    Updated May 31, 2016
  27. d

    Caseload and Statistics for Long-term Prison Sentences Review Board -...

    • data.gov.hk
    csv
    Updated Apr 1, 2021
  28. Changes in the prevalence rates of substance and medicine consumption before...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 4, 2019
  29. Victoria's Prison Population, 1871 to 2011

    • data.wu.ac.at
    csv
    Updated Jul 15, 2015
  30. Dept of Justice Annual Report 2011/12 - Prison Services Statistics 5 Year...

    • data.wu.ac.at
    xls
    Updated Jul 15, 2015
  31. Comparing mortality rates across age groups between the 2000 Ontario prison...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Apr 15, 2017
  32. Demographic characteristics of the study participants.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 3, 2015
  33. d

    Caseload and Statistics for Long-term Prison Sentences Review Board -...

    • data.gov.hk
    csv
    Updated Apr 1, 2021
  34. s

    Young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Nov 6, 2020
  35. s

    Reoffending

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Apr 19, 2021
  36. s

    Self-harm in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Sep 6, 2018
  37. d

    Proven Re-offending statistics

    • data.gov.uk
    • data.europa.eu
    • +2more
    pdf, xls, zip
    Updated Apr 6, 2018
  38. d

    Offender management statistics quarterly bulletin

    • data.gov.uk
    • data.europa.eu
    • +2more
    pdf, xls, xlsx, xslx +1
    Updated Sep 7, 2016
  39. d

    Women and the Criminal Justice System

    • data.gov.uk
    • www.europeandataportal.eu
    • +1more
    pdf, xls, zip
    Updated Dec 8, 2016
  40. s

    Violence involving prisoners

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Oct 10, 2017
  41. s

    Arrests

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Sep 17, 2020
  42. s

    Sentences and custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Dec 11, 2020
  43. s

    Use of force on young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Mar 5, 2021
  44. Reported rearrest rates for cohorts aged 18 and older.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 20, 2019
  45. w

    NSW Criminal Courts Statistics

    • data.wu.ac.at
    • data.nsw.gov.au
    • +1more
    pdf, xls
    Updated Aug 14, 2016
  46. 3

    Tasmanian Offenders in Custody

    • magda.3dimension.jp
    • researchdata.edu.au
    • +2more
    xlsx
    Updated Jun 12, 2017
  47. s

    Assaults by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated May 11, 2020
  48. w

    Re-offending statistics for NSW

    • data.wu.ac.at
    • data.nsw.gov.au
    xls
    Updated Aug 14, 2016
  49. s

    Restrictive physical interventions involving young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated May 11, 2020
  50. 3

    Tasmanian Offenders in Custody

    • magda.3dimension.jp
    • researchdata.edu.au
    • +2more
    xlsx
    Updated Jun 6, 2017
  51. Sociodemographic distribution of the sample.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jan 23, 2021
  52. Measures of Aggressive and Attention Deficit Behaviours (adjusted T-scores)...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 3, 2015
  53. Estimated prevalence of the behaviours considered.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jan 23, 2021
  54. 3

    Tasmanian Offenders in Custody

    • magda.3dimension.jp
    • researchdata.edu.au
    • +3more
    xlsx
    Updated Jun 6, 2017
  55. f

    Data_Sheet_3_Prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in...

    • figshare.com
    xlsx
    Updated Aug 2, 2018
  56. Bacteriologically-confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis in an Ethiopian prison:...

    • figshare.com
    xlsx
    Updated Dec 12, 2019
  57. Logistic regression coefficients estimated by multivariate regression...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jan 23, 2021
  58. 3

    Tasmanian Offenders in Custody

    • magda.3dimension.jp
    • researchdata.edu.au
    • +3more
    xlsx
    Updated Jun 6, 2017
  59. Logistic regression coefficients estimated by multivariate regression...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jan 23, 2021
  60. Logistic regression coefficients estimated by multivariate regression...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jan 23, 2021
  61. 3

    Tasmanian Offenders in Custody

    • magda.3dimension.jp
    • researchdata.edu.au
    • +2more
    xlsx
    Updated Jan 10, 2017
  62. 3

    Tasmanian Offenders in Custody 2018

    • magda.3dimension.jp
    • researchdata.edu.au
    • +2more
    xlsx
    Updated May 13, 2018
  63. f

    Confinement time and number of prisoners per prison cell of LG and NLG.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 29, 2020
  64. Prevalence rates of intestinal parasites among inmates serving sentences at...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 22, 2017
  65. Associations between PTSD and problematic behaviours.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 26, 2019
  66. Standard mortality ratios (SMR) of citizens and non-citizens exposed to the...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 8, 2017
  67. Reported reconviction rates for cohorts of adult individuals receiving...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 20, 2019
  68. Reconviction and rearrest rates in adult men and women receiving community...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 20, 2019
  69. Summary of discriminant characteristics for crimes.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 6, 2018
  70. Spearman correlations between prison population and other variables for all...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 3, 2015
  71. Tests of equality of group means.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 6, 2018
  72. Prisoner baseline characteristics.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Nov 18, 2020
  73. Adjusted* Hazard Ratios for Crowding and Other Predictors of Earlier Parole...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 3, 2015
  74. Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders in prison population of the state of...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  75. Twelve-month prevalence of mental disorders in prison population in the...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  76. Sociodemographic and criminal characteristics of the prison population in...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  77. f

    Outcomes for a prison of 1,000 individuals in Tajikistan, the Russian...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  78. f

    Results of two-part regression models of prisoners’ generalist, nursing and...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Oct 31, 2017
  79. Statistics of discriminant functions for models 1 and 2.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 6, 2018
  80. f

    Costs, health effects, and ICERs for a prison of 1,000 individuals.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  81. Estimated number of releases and crude mortality rate within 28 days of...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 21, 2016
  82. Yield of all forms of pulmonary TB by patient’s characteristics (prison...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Feb 3, 2017
  83. Mean and standard deviation of the T scores of the 22 PAI scales for the...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 6, 2018
  84. Mean and standard deviation of the raw scores of the 22 PAI scales for the...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 6, 2018
  85. Sociodemographic and judicial characteristics of the subsample and the four...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 6, 2018
  86. Inmate profile, Central Jail, Aizawl, Mizoram, 2017.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  87. f

    Population in male prison units located in the Pontal do Paranapanema...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Feb 21, 2019
  88. Sociodemographic characteristics of inmates serving sentences at three...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 22, 2017
  89. Factors associated with HCV infection in prisoners from the southern and...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 26, 2019
  90. Tuberculosis risk factors among inmates, Central Jail, Aizawl, Mizoram,...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  91. Percentage changes of target variables for all 26 countries between 1993 and...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 3, 2015
  92. Estimated number of releases, deaths and CMR within 365 days of release,...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 21, 2016
  93. Characteristics of releases and deaths among adults released from Queensland...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 21, 2016
  94. HIV risk behavior of inmates, Central Jail, Aizawl, Mizoram, 2017.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  95. Pre- and post-screening HIV status of inmates, Central Jail, Aizawl,...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  96. f

    Pre- and post-screening tuberculosis status of inmates, Central Jail,...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  97. Not seeing a result you expected?
    Learn how you can add new datasets to our index.

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Cite
The Associated Press (2021). The Marshall Project: COVID Cases in Prisons [Dataset]. https://data.world/associatedpress/marshall-project-covid-cases-in-prisons

The Marshall Project: COVID Cases in Prisons

The Marshall Project is compiling data on the prevalence of COVID-19 infection in prisons across the country

csv, zipAvailable download formats
Dataset updated May 3, 2021
Dataset provided by
data.world
Authors
The Associated Press
Time period covered
Jun 30, 2019 - Apr 30, 2021
Description

Overview

The Marshall Project, the nonprofit investigative newsroom dedicated to the U.S. criminal justice system, has partnered with The Associated Press to compile data on the prevalence of COVID-19 infection in prisons across the country. The Associated Press is sharing this data as the most comprehensive current national source of COVID-19 outbreaks in state and federal prisons.

Lawyers, criminal justice reform advocates and families of the incarcerated have worried about what was happening in prisons across the nation as coronavirus began to take hold in the communities outside. Data collected by The Marshall Project and AP shows that hundreds of thousands of prisoners, workers, correctional officers and staff have caught the illness as prisons became the center of some of the country’s largest outbreaks. And thousands of people — most of them incarcerated — have died.

In December, as COVID-19 cases spiked across the U.S., the news organizations also shared cumulative rates of infection among prison populations, to better gauge the total effects of the pandemic on prison populations. The analysis found that by mid-December, one in five state and federal prisoners in the United States had tested positive for the coronavirus -- a rate more than four times higher than the general population.

This data, which is updated weekly, is an effort to track how those people have been affected and where the crisis has hit the hardest.

Methodology and Caveats

The data tracks the number of COVID-19 tests administered to people incarcerated in all state and federal prisons, as well as the staff in those facilities. It is collected on a weekly basis by Marshall Project and AP reporters who contact each prison agency directly and verify published figures with officials.

Each week, the reporters ask every prison agency for the total number of coronavirus tests administered to its staff members and prisoners, the cumulative number who tested positive among staff and prisoners, and the numbers of deaths for each group.

The time series data is aggregated to the system level; there is one record for each prison agency on each date of collection. Not all departments could provide data for the exact date requested, and the data indicates the date for the figures.

To estimate the rate of infection among prisoners, we collected population data for each prison system before the pandemic, roughly in mid-March, in April, June, July, August, September and October. Beginning the week of July 28, we updated all prisoner population numbers, reflecting the number of incarcerated adults in state or federal prisons. Prior to that, population figures may have included additional populations, such as prisoners housed in other facilities, which were not captured in our COVID-19 data. In states with unified prison and jail systems, we include both detainees awaiting trial and sentenced prisoners.

To estimate the rate of infection among prison employees, we collected staffing numbers for each system. Where current data was not publicly available, we acquired other numbers through our reporting, including calling agencies or from state budget documents. In six states, we were unable to find recent staffing figures: Alaska, Hawaii, Kentucky, Maryland, Montana, Utah.

To calculate the cumulative COVID-19 impact on prisoner and prison worker populations, we aggregated prisoner and staff COVID case and death data up through Dec. 15. Because population snapshots do not account for movement in and out of prisons since March, and because many systems have significantly slowed the number of new people being sent to prison, it’s difficult to estimate the total number of people who have been held in a state system since March. To be conservative, we calculated our rates of infection using the largest prisoner population snapshots we had during this time period.

As with all COVID-19 data, our understanding of the spread and impact of the virus is limited by the availability of testing. Epidemiology and public health experts say that aside from a few states that have recently begun aggressively testing in prisons, it is likely that there are more cases of COVID-19 circulating undetected in facilities. Sixteen prison systems, including the Federal Bureau of Prisons, would not release information about how many prisoners they are testing.

Corrections departments in Indiana, Kansas, Montana, North Dakota and Wisconsin report coronavirus testing and case data for juvenile facilities; West Virginia reports figures for juvenile facilities and jails. For consistency of comparison with other state prison systems, we removed those facilities from our data that had been included prior to July 28. For these states we have also removed staff data. Similarly, Pennsylvania’s coronavirus data includes testing and cases for those who have been released on parole. We removed these tests and cases for prisoners from the data prior to July 28. The staff cases remain.

About the Data

There are four tables in this data:

  • covid_prison_cases.csv contains weekly time series data on tests, infections and deaths in prisons. The first dates in the table are on March 26. Any questions that a prison agency could not or would not answer are left blank.

  • prison_populations.csv contains snapshots of the population of people incarcerated in each of these prison systems for whom data on COVID testing and cases are available. This varies by state and may not always be the entire number of people incarcerated in each system. In some states, it may include other populations, such as those on parole or held in state-run jails. This data is primarily for use in calculating rates of testing and infection, and we would not recommend using these numbers to compare the change in how many people are being held in each prison system.

  • staff_populations.csv contains a one-time, recent snapshot of the headcount of workers for each prison agency, collected as close to April 15 as possible.

  • covid_prison_rates.csv contains the rates of cases and deaths for prisoners. There is one row for every state and federal prison system and an additional row with the National totals.

Queries

The Associated Press and The Marshall Project have created several queries to help you use this data:

Get your state's prison COVID data: Provides each week's data from just your state and calculates a cases-per-100000-prisoners rate, a deaths-per-100000-prisoners rate, a cases-per-100000-workers rate and a deaths-per-100000-workers rate here

Rank all systems' most recent data by cases per 100,000 prisoners here

Find what percentage of your state's total cases and deaths -- as reported by Johns Hopkins University -- occurred within the prison system here

Attribution

In stories, attribute this data to: “According to an analysis of state prison cases by The Marshall Project, a nonprofit investigative newsroom dedicated to the U.S. criminal justice system, and The Associated Press.”

Contributors

Many reporters and editors at The Marshall Project and The Associated Press contributed to this data, including: Katie Park, Tom Meagher, Weihua Li, Gabe Isman, Cary Aspinwall, Keri Blakinger, Jake Bleiberg, Andrew R. Calderón, Maurice Chammah, Andrew DeMillo, Eli Hager, Jamiles Lartey, Claudia Lauer, Nicole Lewis, Humera Lodhi, Colleen Long, Joseph Neff, Michelle Pitcher, Alysia Santo, Beth Schwartzapfel, Damini Sharma, Colleen Slevin, Christie Thompson, Abbie VanSickle, Adria Watson, Andrew Welsh-Huggins.

Questions

If you have questions about the data, please email The Marshall Project at info+covidtracker@themarshallproject.org or file a Github issue.

To learn more about AP's data journalism capabilities for publishers, corporations and financial institutions, go here or email kromano@ap.org.

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