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85 datasets found
  1. Crime and Incarceration in the United States

    • www.kaggle.com
    zip, csv
    Updated Oct 12, 2018
  2. International Prison Rates

    • data.gov.au
    csv
    Updated Apr 26, 2019
  3. d

    us-states-sociological-metrics

    • data.world
    zip, csv
    Updated Nov 11, 2019
  4. International Prison Rates

    • data.wu.ac.at
    csv
    Updated Jul 15, 2015
  5. f

    Murderers or thieves at risk? Offence-related suicide rates in adolescent...

    • figshare.com
    xlsx
    Updated Apr 3, 2019
  6. O

    3-Year Recidivism for Offenders Released from Prison in Iowa

    • data.iowa.gov
    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    • +1more
    xml +5
    Updated Apr 25, 2019
  7. f

    Comparison of the prevalence rates between the prison population and the...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  8. f

    Comparing mortality rates across age groups between the 2000 Ontario prison...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Apr 15, 2017
  9. f

    Prevalence rates of intestinal parasites among inmates serving sentences at...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 22, 2017
  10. f

    Changes in the prevalence rates of substance and medicine consumption before...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 4, 2019
  11. f

    Incidence rates of active TB (%) and prison screening and diagnostic...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  12. f

    Suicide rates of citizens and non-citizens within the prison population and...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 8, 2017
  13. Youth correctional services, average counts of young persons, by province...

    • data.wu.ac.at
    csv, html
    Updated Feb 13, 2018
  14. e

    Proven reoffending

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Mar 9, 2020
  15. e

    Young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Jun 27, 2019
  16. e

    Self-harm by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Jun 27, 2019
  17. f

    Age distribution by sex of persons in the 2000 Ontario prison cohort* at the...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Apr 15, 2017
  18. f

    Outcomes for a prison of 1,000 individuals in Tajikistan, the Russian...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  19. Victoria's Imprisonment rates, 1871 to 2011

    • data.wu.ac.at
    csv
    Updated Jul 15, 2015
  20. f

    Reconviction and rearrest rates in adult men and women receiving community...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 20, 2019
  21. f

    Reported reconviction rates for cohorts of adult individuals receiving...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 20, 2019
  22. f

    Overall, male and female 5-year HIV diagnoses rates and independent...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 11, 2018
  23. f

    Adjusted* Hazard Ratios for Crowding and Other Predictors of Earlier Parole...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 3, 2015
  24. f

    Reported rearrest rates for cohorts aged 18 and older.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 20, 2019
  25. f

    Male suicide rates in German prisons and the role of citizenship

    • plos.figshare.com
    xlsx
    Updated Jun 8, 2017
  26. f

    Data_Sheet_3_Prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in...

    • figshare.com
    xlsx
    Updated Aug 2, 2018
  27. e

    Self-harm in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Mar 2, 2018
  28. f

    Association between receipt of health care services and incarceration or...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Oct 31, 2016
  29. e

    Self-harm in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Oct 10, 2017
  30. f

    Estimated number of releases and crude mortality rate within 28 days of...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 21, 2016
  31. f

    Description of the transition rates in the model

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Dec 2, 2015
  32. e

    Self-harm in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Sep 6, 2018
  33. f

    Inmate profile, Central Jail, Aizawl, Mizoram, 2017.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  34. e

    Restrictive physical interventions involving young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Jun 27, 2019
  35. f

    Spearman correlations among independent covariates and overall, male, and...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 11, 2018
  36. f

    A situational analysis of latent tuberculosis infection among incarcerated...

    • figshare.com
    xlsx
    Updated Sep 7, 2018
  37. f

    Pre- and post-screening tuberculosis status of inmates, Central Jail,...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  38. f

    Multilevel regression models of overall and gender stratified 5-year HIV...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 11, 2018
  39. f

    Prevalence of intestinal parasites among inmates in Midwest Brazil

    • figshare.com
    xlsx, pdf
    Updated Sep 22, 2017
  40. f

    Pre- and post-screening HIV status of inmates, Central Jail, Aizawl,...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  41. f

    HIV risk behavior of inmates, Central Jail, Aizawl, Mizoram, 2017.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  42. f

    Univariate negative binomial regression models of 5-year overall, male and...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 11, 2018
  43. f

    Tuberculosis risk factors among inmates, Central Jail, Aizawl, Mizoram,...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 29, 2019
  44. f

    Standard mortality ratios (SMR) of citizens and non-citizens exposed to the...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 8, 2017
  45. e

    Use of force on young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Jun 27, 2019
  46. Proven Re-offending statistics

    • data.gov.uk
    • data.wu.ac.at
    zip, pdf, xls
    Updated Apr 6, 2018
  47. f

    Mortality in HIV-Infected Alcohol and Drug Users in St. Petersburg, Russia

    • figshare.com
    pdf, xls
    Updated Nov 30, 2016
  48. f

    Bringing state-of-the-art diagnostics to vulnerable populations: The use of...

    • figshare.com
    xlsx
    Updated Feb 3, 2017
  49. f

    Sociodemographic characteristics of inmates serving sentences at three...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 22, 2017
  50. e

    Self-inflicted deaths in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Mar 14, 2019
  51. f

    Population in male prison units located in the Pontal do Paranapanema...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Feb 21, 2019
  52. f

    Associations between PTSD and comorbid mental disorders.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 26, 2019
  53. f

    Associations between PTSD and problematic behaviours.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 26, 2019
  54. f

    Bacteriologically-confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis in an Ethiopian prison:...

    • figshare.com
    xlsx
    Updated Dec 12, 2019
  55. f

    Key features of included studies.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 26, 2019
  56. e

    Self-harm in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated May 7, 2019
  57. e

    Self-inflicted deaths in prison custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Aug 21, 2018
  58. f

    Overview of associations with PTSD.

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 26, 2019
  59. e

    Single separation incidents for young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Jun 27, 2019
  60. d

    Horse Colic

    • data.world
    zip, csv
    Updated Feb 6, 2020
  61. f

    Yield of all forms of pulmonary TB by patient’s characteristics (prison...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Feb 3, 2017
  62. f

    Cases of single- and mixed-species intestinal infection among positively...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 22, 2017
  63. e

    Assaults carried out by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Jun 27, 2019
  64. Data from: Salem Witchcraft Dataset

    • www.kaggle.com
    zip, csv
    Updated Sep 1, 2017
  65. Dept of Justice Annual Report 2011/12 - Prison Services Statistics 5 Year...

    • data.wu.ac.at
    xls
    Updated Jul 15, 2015
  66. e

    Assaults carried out by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Oct 10, 2017
  67. f

    Estimated number of releases, deaths and CMR within 365 days of release,...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 21, 2016
  68. e

    Restrictive physical interventions involving young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Aug 31, 2018
  69. w

    My Brother's Keeper Key Statistical Indicators on Boys and Men of Color

    • data.wu.ac.at
    • catalog.data.gov
    • +1more
    csv, xls
    Updated May 30, 2014
  70. e

    Single separation incidents for young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Aug 31, 2018
  71. e

    Single separation incidents for young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Dec 21, 2017
  72. e

    Restrictive physical interventions involving young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Jan 31, 2018
  73. e

    Self-harm by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Oct 10, 2017
  74. f

    Results of two-part regression models of prisoners’ generalist, nursing and...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Oct 31, 2017
  75. e

    Assaults carried out by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Sep 6, 2018
  76. e

    Self-harm by young people in custody

    • www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk
    csv
    Updated Oct 2, 2018
  77. f

    Summary statistics of generalist, nursing and psychiatric healthcare...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Oct 31, 2017
  78. f

    Summary statistics of independent variables.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Oct 31, 2017
  79. Arrest Related Violence in California

    • www.kaggle.com
    zip, pdf, csv
    Updated Nov 3, 2017
  80. f

    Symptoms reported by inmates with positive parasitological stool tests.

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 22, 2017
  81. f

    Main characteristics according to the presence of current or past HCV...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 26, 2019
  82. f

    Factors associated with HCV infection in prisoners from the southern and...

    • plos.figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jul 26, 2019
  83. f

    Logistic regression analysis of structural, social, and behavioral factors...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Sep 22, 2017
  84. f

    Characteristics of releases and deaths among adults released from Queensland...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 21, 2016
  85. f

    Centrelink estimate of mortality within 28 and 365 days of release from...

    • figshare.com
    xls
    Updated Jun 21, 2016
  86. Not seeing a result you expected?
    Learn how you can add new datasets to our index.

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Crime and Incarceration in the United States

21st century state crime and prison custody statistics

csv (93954 bytes), zip (195989 bytes), csv (7830 bytes), csv (94205 bytes)Available download formats
Dataset updated Oct 12, 2018
Authors
ChrisC
License

CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedicationhttps://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
License information was derived automatically

Description

Context

In 1975, the United States set a new record with 240,593 prisoners incarcerated by state or federal agencies. The United States achieved new record totals during each of the next 34 years. Today, there are over 1,500,000 prisoners in the United States. Over one quarter of the world's entire population of prisoners is located in the United States.

The U.S. Education deparment reports state and local government expenditures on prisons (and jails - not reflected in this dataset) have increased about three times as fast as spending on elementary and secondary education during this time period. Does this significant investment into imprisonment improve public safety? This dataset brings together crime and incarceration statistics to help researchers explore this relationship.

Content

The Bureau of Justice Statistics administers the National Prisoners Statistics Program (NPS), an annual data collection effort that began in response to a 1926 congressional mandate. The population statistics reflect each state's prisoner population as of December 31 for the recorded year. Prisoners listed under federal jurisdiction are incarcerated by the U.S. Bureau of Prisons.

The Uniform Crime Report (UCR) has served as the FBI's primary national data collection tool since a 1930 congressional mandate directed the Attorney General to "acquire, collect, classify, and preserve identification, criminal identification, crime, and other records." The FBI collects this information voluntarily submitted by local, state, and fedral law enforcement agencies. Some U.S. municipalities choose not to participate fully in the program. The crimes_estimated field indicates cases where the FBI estimated state totals due to lack of participation by some municipalities within a state. The crime_reporting_change field reflects instances when states' reporting standards change. For more information on the responsible use of this dataset, please see Uniform Crime Reporting Statistics: Their Proper Use

Acknowledgements

State and Federal prisoner population figures published by Bureau of Justice Statistics.

State crime and population statistics published by the FBI Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program. https://www.ucrdatatool.gov/Search/Crime/State/RunCrimeStatebyState.cfm

Banner Photo by Oscar Söderlund on Unsplash

Inspiration

What is the relationship between incarceration rates and crime rates? Does mass incarceration improve public safety? See below for some recent statements from U.S. politicians related to the relationship between crime and incarceration. Are the data consistent with any of these statements?

"There is no better way to reduce crime than to identify, target, and incapacitate those hardened criminals... we cannot incapacitate these criminals unless we build sufficient prison and jail space to house them. " - Nominee for 85th U.S. Attorney General William Barr, October 28, 1992

"Violent crime has declined since the 1980s because mandatory minimums adopted then locked up violent criminals." - Senator Tom Cotton, August 15, 2018

"You may assume mass incarceration exists because people are committing more crimes. But that is not true... The incredibly costly reality is that prisons in our nation continue to grow irrespective of crime rates. It is a bureaucracy that has been expanding independent of our security or safety." - Senator Cory Booker, Apr 28, 2015

"It is far from clear whether this dramatic increase in incarceration for drug crimes has had enough of an effect on property and violent crime rates to justify the human toll of more incarceration." - Senator Ted Cruz, Apr 27, 2015

"For several decades, tough laws and long sentences have created the illusion that public safety is best served when we treat all offenders the same way: arrest, convict, incarcerate..." - Senator Kamala Harris, Apr 27, 2015

"We've got some space to put some people! We need to reverse a trend that suggested that criminals won't be confronted seriously with their crimes" - 84th U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions, March 15, 2018

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