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100+ datasets found
  1. Climate Change: Earth Surface Temperature Data

    • www.kaggle.com
    Updated May 1, 2017
  2. Electric Motor Temperature

    • www.kaggle.com
    Updated Jun 19, 2019
  3. u

    Global surface temperature data: HadCRUT4 and CRUTEM4

    • climatedataguide.ucar.edu
    Updated Nov 7, 2013
  4. L

    3-hourly High Resolution Brightness Temperature (BT) images

    • catalogue.ceda.ac.uk
    Updated Sep 28, 2014
  5. u

    TerraClimate: Global, high-resolution gridded temperature, precipitation,...

    • climatedataguide.ucar.edu
    Updated Jul 15, 2019
  6. HiTemp: High Density Temperature and Meteorological measurements within the...

    • data.gov.uk
    • data.wu.ac.at
    Updated Jun 19, 2018
  7. NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Sea Surface Temperature - WHOI, Version 2

    • data.nodc.noaa.gov
    • www.geoplatform.gov
    • +3more
    Updated Sep 30, 2016
  8. t

    Guinea Temperature

    • tradingeconomics.com
    Updated Jan 24, 2018
  9. u

    Ocean temperature analysis and heat content estimate from Institute of...

    • climatedataguide.ucar.edu
    Updated May 10, 2017
  10. u

    Argo Ocean Temperature and Salinity Profiles

    • climatedataguide.ucar.edu
    Updated Jan 31, 2014
  11. NOAA Optimum Interpolation 1/4 Degree Daily Sea Surface Temperature (OISST)...

    • data.nodc.noaa.gov
    • data.globalchange.gov
    • +6more
    Updated Nov 12, 2008
  12. IceBridge NSERC L1B Geolocated Meteorologic and Surface Temperature Data,...

    • nsidc.org
    • cmr.earthdata.nasa.gov
    • +1more
  13. d

    NCEI ocean heat content, temperature anomalies, salinity anomalies,...

    • catalog.data.gov
    • accession.nodc.noaa.gov
    • +3more
    Updated Feb 27, 2019
  14. u

    Global (land) precipitation and temperature: Willmott & Matsuura, University...

    • climatedataguide.ucar.edu
  15. MOD11A1.006 Terra Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Daily Global 1km

    • developers.google.com
  16. t

    Senegal Temperature

    • tradingeconomics.com
  17. O

    SILO climate database - maximum and minimum temperature

    • www.data.qld.gov.au
    • researchdata.ands.org.au
    • +1more
    Updated Sep 5, 2019
  18. Nimbus Temperature-Humidity Infrared Radiometer 11.5 µm Swath L1, HDF5,...

    • nsidc.org
  19. u

    AIRS and AMSU: Tropospheric air temperature and specific humidity

    • climatedataguide.ucar.edu
    Updated Dec 4, 2012
  20. e

    Land Surface Temperature dataset from Meteosat First and Second Generation -...

    • navigator.eumetsat.int
    Updated Jan 1, 1991
  21. P

    China Merged Surface Temperature

    • doi.pangaea.de
    • www.researchgate.net
    • +2more
    Updated May 9, 2019
  22. n

    GHRSST Level 4 G1SST Global Foundation Sea Surface Temperature Analysis

    • podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
    • data.globalchange.gov
    • +1more
    Updated Jun 3, 2010
  23. u

    CoRTAD: Coral Reef Temperature Anomaly Database (SST)

    • climatedataguide.ucar.edu
    Updated Sep 6, 2013
  24. t

    Ecuador Temperature

    • tradingeconomics.com
    Updated Feb 12, 2020
  25. t

    Madagascar Temperature

    • tradingeconomics.com
    Updated Feb 11, 2020
  26. Temperature - Autumn

    • open.canada.ca
    • data.wu.ac.at
    Updated May 26, 2017
  27. Average Rainfall Temperature

    • data.gov.uk
    Updated Feb 28, 2019
  28. UKCP09: Gridded Datasets of Annual values of extreme temperature range

    • data.gov.uk
    • data.wu.ac.at
    Updated Jan 26, 2011
  29. t

    Togo Temperature

    • tradingeconomics.com
    Updated Jan 23, 2018
  30. NOAA Global Surface Temperature Dataset, Version 4.0

    • data.nodc.noaa.gov
    • data.globalchange.gov
    • +3more
    Updated Jun 1, 2015
  31. Surface Water Temperature Archive up to 2007

    • data.gov.uk
    • data.wu.ac.at
    Updated Apr 1, 2019
  32. Monthly average daily temperatures in the UK 2015-2019

    • www.statista.com
    Updated Feb 3, 2020
  33. Global land and ocean temperature anomalies 1885-2018

    • www.statista.com
    Updated Aug 26, 2019
  34. P

    Sea-surface temperature reconstructions for the Quaternary western Atlantic

    • doi.pangaea.de
    • pangaea.figshare.com
    Updated Jul 18, 1999
  35. n

    NOAA Smith and Reynolds Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature...

    • podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
    Updated Mar 24, 2018
  36. t

    Zimbabwe Temperature

    • tradingeconomics.com
    Updated Jan 20, 2018
  37. u

    Global surface temperature data: MLOST: NOAA Merged Land-Ocean Surface...

    • climatedataguide.ucar.edu
    Updated Nov 7, 2013
  38. NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis Data, Surface Temperature

    • developers.google.com
    Updated Aug 16, 2018
  39. u

    Global surface temperatures: BEST: Berkeley Earth Surface Temperatures

    • climatedataguide.ucar.edu
  40. NOAA CDR WHOI: Sea Surface Temperature, Version 2

    • developers.google.com
  41. d

    Data from: Eye region surface temperature reflects both energy reserves and...

    • datadryad.org
    • www.narcis.nl
    • +1more
    Updated Jan 18, 2019
  42. u

    HadGHCNDEX - Gridded Daily Temperature Extremes

    • climatedataguide.ucar.edu
    Updated May 6, 2014
  43. r

    Data from: Effect of low temperature stress on acetylcholinesterase activity...

    • www.researchgate.net
    Updated Jan 1, 2013
  44. 1892 - 2099 Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (Cefas)...

    • data.gov.uk
    Updated Apr 5, 2019
  45. r

    Data from: Effect of Room Temperature Variation on Gamma Camera Photo-peak...

    • www.researchgate.net
    Updated Apr 1, 2010
  46. Mean annual air temperature in the United Kingdom (UK) 1910-2019

    • www.statista.com
    Updated Jan 31, 2020
  47. P

    EPICA Dome C Ice Core 800KYr deuterium data and temperature estimates

    • doi.pangaea.de
    • pangaea.figshare.com
    • +1more
    Updated Jun 25, 2007
  48. Scotland: annual mean temperature 1995-2019

    • www.statista.com
  49. d

    Gippsland average daily minimum temperature

    • data.gov.au
    Updated Nov 19, 2019
  50. Mean July daily temperature

    • open.canada.ca
    • data.wu.ac.at
    Updated Jan 26, 2017
  51. Gridded 5km GHCN-Daily Temperature and Precipitation Dataset, Version 1

    • data.nodc.noaa.gov
    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    • +3more
    Updated Jun 12, 2015
  52. c

    GloboLakes: Lake Surface Water Temperature (LSWT) v4.0 (1995-2016)

    • catalogue.ceda.ac.uk
    Updated Mar 28, 2019
  53. u

    GHCNDEX: Gridded Temperature and Precipitation Climate Extremes Indices...

    • climatedataguide.ucar.edu
    Updated Feb 12, 2014
  54. S

    A Profile Classification Model from North-Atlantic Argo temperature data

    • www.seanoe.org
    • search.datacite.org
    Updated 2017
  55. P

    Plio-Pleistocene Mg/Ca and TEX86 sea surface temperature records of ODP...

    • doi.pangaea.de
    • www.researchgate.net
    • +1more
    Updated Jun 20, 2014
  56. L

    3-hourly Low Resolution Brightness Temperature (BT) images

    • catalogue.ceda.ac.uk
    Updated Sep 28, 2014
  57. NOAA CDR GRIDSAT-B1: Geostationary IR Channel Brightness Temperature

    • developers.google.com
  58. u

    CHELSA high-resolution land surface temperature and precipitation

    • climatedataguide.ucar.edu
    Updated Oct 24, 2017
  59. BASE Temperature Data Record (TDR) from the SSM/I and SSMIS Sensors, CSU...

    • data.nodc.noaa.gov
    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    • +2more
    Updated Aug 22, 2013
  60. C

    ESA Sea Surface Temperature Climate Change Initiative (ESA SST CCI):...

    • catalogue.ceda.ac.uk
    Updated Sep 28, 2014
  61. International Surface Temperature Initiative (ISTI) Global Land Surface...

    • data.nodc.noaa.gov
    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    • +5more
    Updated May 1, 2013
  62. IceBridge KT19 IR Surface Temperature, Version 1

    • nsidc.org
    • cmr.earthdata.nasa.gov
    Updated Oct 12, 2011
  63. r

    CORE-TEMP-SOLID.xls temperature change of a solid product submerged in hot...

    • www.researchgate.net
    Updated Aug 27, 2015
  64. Monthly mean temperature in Wales 2014-2019

    • www.statista.com
    Updated Feb 3, 2020
  65. n

    GHRSST Level 2P Atlantic Regional Skin Sea Surface Temperature from the...

    • podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
    • data.globalchange.gov
    Updated Aug 3, 2014
  66. n

    GHRSST Level 3U Global Subskin Sea Surface Temperature from GMI onboard GPM...

    • podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
    Updated Nov 30, 2017
  67. o

    ABoVE: Soil Temperature Profiles at USArray Seismic Stations, Alaska,...

    • daac.ornl.gov
    • cmr.earthdata.nasa.gov
    • +1more
    Updated Jun 17, 2019
  68. d

    BLM REA COP 2010 Average Annual Temperature (2015-2030) Simulated by RegCM3...

    • catalog.data.gov
    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    • +3more
    Updated Jan 28, 2020
  69. Antarctica - Wilkes Land snow / firn temperatures

    • data.gov.au
    • researchdata.ands.org.au
    • +1more
    Updated Jan 31, 2017
  70. S

    ISAS-15 temperature and salinity gridded fields

    • www.seanoe.org
    • search.datacite.org
    Updated 2017
  71. C

    ESA Sea Surface Temperature Climate Change Initiative (SST_cci): Level 4...

    • catalogue.ceda.ac.uk
    Updated Aug 2, 2019
  72. M

    MIDAS Open: UK soil temperature data, v201901

    • catalogue.ceda.ac.uk
    Updated Feb 12, 2019
  73. Realtime Flood Data Air Temperature

    • data.gov.uk
    • data.wu.ac.at
    Updated Dec 16, 2019
  74. Air temperature measurement network

    • open.canada.ca
    • data.wu.ac.at
    Updated Jan 26, 2017
  75. n

    GHRSST Level 4 MW_IR_OI Global Foundation Sea Surface Temperature analysis

    • podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
    • data.globalchange.gov
    Updated Sep 27, 2015
  76. o

    Soil Moisture Profiles and Temperature Data from SoilSCAPE Sites, USA

    • daac.ornl.gov
    • cmr.earthdata.nasa.gov
    • +2more
    Updated Nov 22, 2016
  77. n

    GHRSST v2 Level 3U Global Skin Sea Surface Temperature from the Visible...

    • podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
    Updated Oct 12, 2017
  78. Extreme Weather Indices: Temperature

    • open.canada.ca
    Updated Mar 26, 2019
  79. M

    MIDAS Open: UK daily temperature data, v201901

    • catalogue.ceda.ac.uk
    Updated Feb 12, 2019
  80. P

    Sea-surface temperature reconstructions over 30-40 ka, supplement data to...

    • doi.pangaea.de
    • pangaea.figshare.com
    Updated Jun 8, 2018
  81. n

    GHRSST GDS2 Level 2P Global Skin Sea Surface Temperature from the Visible...

    • podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
    • data.globalchange.gov
    Updated Aug 3, 2015
  82. n

    GHRSST Level 3P Global Subskin Sea Surface Temperature from the Advanced...

    • podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
    • data.globalchange.gov
    Updated Jul 29, 2011
  83. n

    GHRSST Level 2P Global Subskin Sea Surface Temperature from TRMM Microwave...

    • podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
    • data.globalchange.gov
    Updated Dec 1, 2014
  84. U.S. Local Climatological Data (LCD)

    • data.nodc.noaa.gov
    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    • +5more
    Updated 2005
  85. n

    GHRSST Level 3P North Atlantic Regional Subskin Sea Surface Temperature from...

    • podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
    • data.globalchange.gov
    Updated Aug 8, 2008
  86. n

    GHRSST Level 4 RAMSSA Australian Regional Foundation Sea Surface Temperature...

    • podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
    Updated Jan 24, 2008
  87. Compiled historical daily temperature and precipitation data for the U.S....

    • kilthub.cmu.edu
    • search.datacite.org
    Updated Jan 14, 2020
  88. n

    GHRSST Level 2P Global 1m Sea Surface Temperature from the Advanced Very...

    • podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
    • data.globalchange.gov
    Updated Oct 27, 2014
  89. NOAA AVHRR Pathfinder Version 5.3 Collated Global 4km Sea Surface...

    • developers.google.com
  90. Regional climate values for the Mean Temperature

    • data.gov.uk
    • data.wu.ac.at
    Updated Feb 24, 2011
  91. The Coral Reef Temperature Anomaly Database (CoRTAD) Version 6 - Global, 4...

    • accession.nodc.noaa.gov
    Updated Aug 17, 2019
  92. c

    ERA5 hourly data on single levels from 1979 to present

    • cds.climate.copernicus.eu
    • developers.google.com
    Updated Jun 14, 2018
  93. UKCP09: Gridded Data - Daily Data Mean temperature – Average of Max and Min...

    • data.gov.uk
    • data.wu.ac.at
    Updated Jan 26, 2011
  94. Australian Climate Observations Reference Network - Surface Air Temperature...

    • data.gov.au
    Updated Jul 3, 2015
  95. n

    GHRSST Level 2P Global Skin Sea Surface Temperature from the Advanced Along...

    • podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
    • data.globalchange.gov
  96. d

    Global Climate Change Data

    • data.world
    Updated Feb 8, 2020
  97. n

    AMSR-E Level 3 Sea Surface Temperature for Climate Model Comparison

    • podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
    • data.globalchange.gov
    Updated Mar 1, 2011
  98. n

    GHRSST Level 2P 1 m Depth Global Sea Surface Temperature version 3.0 from...

    • podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
    Updated Apr 15, 2018
  99. IASI Atmospheric Temperature Water Vapour and Surface Skin Temperature -...

    • navigator.eumetsat.int
    • www.ppe-aws.europeandataportal.eu
    Updated Jan 30, 2014
  100. n

    GHRSST Level 3U Global Subskin Sea Surface Temperature version 8a from the...

    • podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
    Updated Nov 30, 2017
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Climate Change: Earth Surface Temperature Data

Exploring global temperatures since 1750

8 scholarly articles cite this dataset (View in Google Scholar)
  • Dataset updated May 1, 2017
Dataset provided by
Berkeley Earthhttp://berkeleyearth.org/
License

Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
License information was derived automatically

Available download formats from providers
csv (30770160 bytes), csv (532830464 bytes), csv (14138385 bytes), zip (600625277 bytes), csv (22680393 bytes), csv (205875 bytes)
Description

Some say climate change is the biggest threat of our age while others say it’s a myth based on dodgy science. We are turning some of the data over to you so you can form your own view.

us-climate-change

Even more than with other data sets that Kaggle has featured, there’s a huge amount of data cleaning and preparation that goes into putting together a long-time study of climate trends. Early data was collected by technicians using mercury thermometers, where any variation in the visit time impacted measurements. In the 1940s, the construction of airports caused many weather stations to be moved. In the 1980s, there was a move to electronic thermometers that are said to have a cooling bias.

Given this complexity, there are a range of organizations that collate climate trends data. The three most cited land and ocean temperature data sets are NOAA’s MLOST, NASA’s GISTEMP and the UK’s HadCrut.

We have repackaged the data from a newer compilation put together by the Berkeley Earth, which is affiliated with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The Berkeley Earth Surface Temperature Study combines 1.6 billion temperature reports from 16 pre-existing archives. It is nicely packaged and allows for slicing into interesting subsets (for example by country). They publish the source data and the code for the transformations they applied. They also use methods that allow weather observations from shorter time series to be included, meaning fewer observations need to be thrown away.

In this dataset, we have include several files:

Global Land and Ocean-and-Land Temperatures (GlobalTemperatures.csv):

  • Date: starts in 1750 for average land temperature and 1850 for max and min land temperatures and global ocean and land temperatures
  • LandAverageTemperature: global average land temperature in celsius
  • LandAverageTemperatureUncertainty: the 95% confidence interval around the average
  • LandMaxTemperature: global average maximum land temperature in celsius
  • LandMaxTemperatureUncertainty: the 95% confidence interval around the maximum land temperature
  • LandMinTemperature: global average minimum land temperature in celsius
  • LandMinTemperatureUncertainty: the 95% confidence interval around the minimum land temperature
  • LandAndOceanAverageTemperature: global average land and ocean temperature in celsius
  • LandAndOceanAverageTemperatureUncertainty: the 95% confidence interval around the global average land and ocean temperature

Other files include:

  • Global Average Land Temperature by Country (GlobalLandTemperaturesByCountry.csv)
  • Global Average Land Temperature by State (GlobalLandTemperaturesByState.csv)
  • Global Land Temperatures By Major City (GlobalLandTemperaturesByMajorCity.csv)
  • Global Land Temperatures By City (GlobalLandTemperaturesByCity.csv)

The raw data comes from the Berkeley Earth data page.

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