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100+ datasets found
  1. Volcano Eruptions

    • www.kaggle.com
    zip
    Updated May 11, 2020
  2. Volcanic eruptions - death toll worldwide up to 2016

    • www.statista.com
    Updated Nov 17, 2016
  3. d

    Volcanoes in Eruption - Set 1

    • catalog.data.gov
    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    • +4more
    Updated Nov 10, 2015
  4. d

    Significant Volcanic Eruptions

    • data.world
    zip, csv
    Updated Jun 27, 2020
  5. d

    Global Volcano Locations Database

    • catalog.data.gov
    • catalog.sandbox.datagov.us
    • +2more
    Updated Feb 27, 2019
  6. Volcano Eruption Global Distribution

    • www.kaggle.com
    zip
    Updated May 25, 2018
  7. NCEI/WDS Global Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database, 4360 BC to Present

    • data.nodc.noaa.gov
    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    • +3more
    Updated Mar 23, 2001
  8. World's largest volcanic eruptions in history based on ejecta volume

    • www.statista.com
    Updated Jan 22, 2016
  9. d

    2018/W28: Volcano Eruptions

    • data.world
    zip, csv
    Updated Jun 15, 2020
  10. Volcanic eruptions - people affected worldwide up to 2016

    • www.statista.com
    Updated Nov 17, 2016
  11. Volcanic eruptions - economic loss worldwide up to 2016

    • www.statista.com
    Updated Nov 17, 2016
  12. d

    California volcano locations, threat rank and hazard zones

    • catalog.data.gov
    • usgs.ornl.gov
    • +1more
    Updated Mar 7, 2020
  13. d

    Historical Significant Volcanic Eruption Locations

    • catalog.data.gov
    • data.wu.ac.at
    Updated Dec 2, 2019
  14. d

    EARLINET VolcanicEruption 2000-2015

    • gisc.dwd.de
    • cera-www.dkrz.de
    • +1more
    Updated Jul 2, 2018
  15. Global fatalities due to volcanic eruptions by cause 1500-2017

    • www.statista.com
    Updated Jul 22, 2019
  16. P

    Eruption of the Håkon Mosby mud volcano recorded by the long-term...

    • doi.pangaea.de
    • www.researchgate.net
    • +1more
    zip
    Updated Mar 6, 2014
  17. Global volcanic ash hazard

    • datacatalog.worldbank.org
    tif
    Updated Nov 20, 2019
  18. W

    EARLINET observations related to volcanic eruptions (2000-2010)

    • cera-www.dkrz.de
    Updated Nov 13, 2013
  19. a

    Significant Volcanic Eruptions

    • hub.arcgis.com
    Updated Jan 14, 2014
  20. Data from: Volcanic Landscapes

    • data.gis.idaho.gov
    • data.amerigeoss.org
    • +1more
    Updated Sep 15, 2017
  21. Volcanic Eruption in Iceland (2014-09-02)

    • data.europa.eu
    esri shape
    Updated Sep 2, 2014
  22. Active volcanoes in the Philippines 2020, based on geographic coordinates

    • www.statista.com
    Updated Mar 2, 2020
  23. d

    Hawaii Volcanism: Impact on the Environment

    • catalog.sandbox.datagov.us
    • cmr.earthdata.nasa.gov
    • +3more
    Updated Jun 22, 2020
  24. n

    Mount Pinatubo, Philippines: June 1991 Eruptions

    • cmr.earthdata.nasa.gov
    Updated Feb 11, 2016
  25. d

    Impact of volcanic eruptions on the middle atmosphere : an annotated...

    • data.gov.au
    pdf
    Updated Aug 4, 2019
  26. Major Volcanoes

    • open.canada.ca
    • data.wu.ac.at
    zip, jp2
    Updated Jan 26, 2017
  27. d

    Volcanic Rocks and Features

    • catalog.sandbox.datagov.us
    • data.nodc.noaa.gov
    • +2more
    Updated Jun 22, 2020
  28. n

    Data from: An Assessment of Volcanic Threat and Monitoring Capabilities in...

    • cmr.earthdata.nasa.gov
    Updated Apr 24, 2017
  29. i

    Significant Global Volcanic Eruptions

    • data.gis.idaho.gov
    • maps.torontopolice.on.ca
    • +1more
    Updated Aug 29, 2019
  30. r

    Data from: How local stresses control magma-chamber ruptures, dyke...

    • www.researchgate.net
    pdf
    Updated May 11, 2013
  31. d

    Volcanic hazard boundaries from the volcanic hazard assessment of Medicine...

    • catalog.data.gov
    • usgs.ornl.gov
    Updated Mar 7, 2020
  32. d

    Geologic map of Mount Chiginagak volcano, Alaska

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Apr 3, 2019
  33. d

    Data from: Preliminary volcano-hazard assessment for Fisher volcano, Unimak...

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Apr 3, 2019
  34. d

    Data from: Historically active volcanoes of Alaska.

    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    • catalog.data.gov
    • +1more
    Updated Apr 9, 2015
  35. Robotic geometric characterization of subterranean voids: Constraining the...

    • data.nasa.gov
    • catalog.data.gov
    tsv, xml +4
    Updated Sep 7, 2018
  36. d

    Data from: Historically active volcanoes of Alaska

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Apr 3, 2019
  37. d

    GIS shapefiles for lava flows at Kilauea volcano, 1790–1982

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Mar 7, 2020
  38. d

    Database for potential hazards from future volcanic eruptions in California...

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Oct 24, 2013
  39. d

    Wind rose plots for the volcano: 355106 Negrillar, El

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Mar 7, 2020
  40. d

    Wind rose plots for the volcano: 323180 Coso Volcanic Field

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Mar 7, 2020
  41. d

    Wind rose plots for the volcano: 354002 Sara Sara

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Mar 7, 2020
  42. d

    Wind rose plots for the volcano: 222010 Central Island

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Mar 7, 2020
  43. d

    Wind rose plots for the volcano: 386020 Bouvet

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Mar 7, 2020
  44. d

    Wind rose plots for the volcano: 327817 Valles Caldera

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Mar 6, 2020
  45. d

    Wind rose plots for the volcano: 290113 Tri Sestry

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Mar 7, 2020
  46. d

    Global Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database, 4360 BC to present.

    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    kmz, html
    Updated Oct 6, 2015
  47. Number of volcanoes in the Philippines 2020, by location

    • www.statista.com
    Updated Mar 2, 2020
  48. Height of biggest volcanoes in the world

    • www.statista.com
    Updated Aug 22, 2019
  49. P

    2600 years of stratospheric volcanism reconstruction through sulfate...

    • doi.pangaea.de
    • figshare.com
    zip
    Updated Nov 22, 2018
  50. d

    Data from: Historically active volcanoes of Alaska

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Feb 27, 2020
  51. P

    Lavas from the Elbrus volcano, Greater Caucasus

    • doi.pangaea.de
    • www.researchgate.net
    • +1more
    zip
    Updated Sep 24, 2010
  52. o

    Volcano eruptions, earth- & seaquakes, dry fogs vs. Aristotle's Meteorologica...

    • explore.openaire.eu
    Updated Jan 1, 2007
  53. P

    Geochemistry from the S1 tephra of core GeoTü SL112 and samples from Erciyes...

    • doi.pangaea.de
    • www.researchgate.net
    • +1more
    tsv, html
    Updated Jan 9, 2010
  54. d

    Database for the geologic map of Lassen Volcanic National Park and vicinity,...

    • catalog.data.gov
    • usgs.ornl.gov
    Updated Mar 6, 2020
  55. d

    Volcanic Ash: Volcanism

    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    Updated Sep 14, 2014
  56. Seismic data from volcano observatories and from laboratory experiments...

    • data.gov.uk
    • egdi.geology.cz
    • +1more
    22, 50416
    Updated Jul 29, 2020
  57. VOLCano ANalogues Search (VOLCANS) datasets used to parameterise the Aluto...

    • data.gov.uk
    • egdi.geology.cz
    html
    Updated Jul 22, 2020
  58. d

    Data from: Physical and petrological characteristics of basaltic eruption...

    • data.gov.au
    pdf
    Updated Jan 1, 1994
  59. d

    Data from: Major-element glass compositions of tephra from the circa 3.6 ka...

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Apr 3, 2019
  60. d

    Volcanic Ash Advisory Database, 1983-2003

    • catalog.data.gov
    • catalog.sandbox.datagov.us
    • +1more
    Updated Feb 27, 2019
  61. Etna Volcano eruption in Sicily, Italy (2018-12-26)

    • data.europa.eu
    esri shape
    Updated Dec 26, 2018
  62. d

    Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. August 21-23, 1963, eruption of Kilauea...

    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    Updated Jan 28, 2005
  63. d

    GIS shapefiles for Kilauea's episode 61g lava flow, Puu Oo eruption: May...

    • catalog.data.gov
    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    • +2more
    Updated Mar 7, 2020
  64. d

    Data from: Hawaii's volcanoes revealed

    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    pdf
    Updated Nov 26, 2003
  65. n

    Historical Significant Volcanic Eruption Locations

    • prep-response-portal.napsgfoundation.org
    • disasters.amerigeoss.org
    • +1more
    Updated Jun 12, 2017
  66. d

    Data from: Geospatial distribution of tephra fall in Alaska: a geodatabase...

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Apr 3, 2019
  67. D

    Related Data for: Timing, magnitude and geochemistry of major Southeast...

    • researchdata.ntu.edu.sg
    • search.datacite.org
    xlsx
    Updated Jan 10, 2020
  68. d

    EARLINET VolcanicEruption 2000-2010

    • gisc.dwd.de
    • www.europeandataportal.eu
    Updated Apr 11, 2014
  69. d

    Volcanic Ash: Impacts to Aviation, Climate, Maritime Operations, and Society...

    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    Updated Sep 14, 2014
  70. n

    Eruption of Mount St. Helens, May 18, 1980

    • cmr.earthdata.nasa.gov
    Updated Feb 11, 2016
  71. o

    Volcanic Loading: The Dust Veil Index (1985) (NDP-013)

    • www.osti.gov
    Updated Sep 1, 1985
  72. Volcanic Ash RGB - MSG - 0 degree

    • navigator.eumetsat.int
    • www.europeandataportal.eu
    Updated Jan 26, 2010
  73. a

    Volcanoes

    • hub.arcgis.com
    Updated Jun 15, 2017
  74. d

    Wind rose plots for the volcano: 243100 Fonualei

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Mar 6, 2020
  75. d

    Monitoring active volcanoes

    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    pdf
    Updated Feb 1, 2001
  76. Indonesia Volcano Density

    • cloud.csiss.gmu.edu
    • data.amerigeoss.org
    wfs, png, wms
    Updated Jul 14, 2019
  77. d

    The 1951 eruption of Mount Lamington, Papua

    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    • search.datacite.org
    pdf v.unknown
    Updated Jan 1, 1983
  78. r

    Data from: On the space-time distribution of major explosive volcanic...

    • www.researchgate.net
    pdf
    Updated Jun 24, 2014
  79. V

    VolcanEESM: Global volcanic sulphur dioxide (SO2) emissions database from...

    • catalogue.ceda.ac.uk
    • search.datacite.org
    Updated Feb 3, 2016
  80. Hazard boundaries for the volcanic hazard assessment of Medicine Lake...

    • search.datacite.org
    Updated 2019
  81. A multiparameter geophysical experiment at Santiaguito volcano, Guatemala,...

    • data.gov.uk
    • egdi.geology.cz
    html
    Updated Jul 29, 2020
  82. d

    Data from: The 2008 phreatomagmatic eruption of Okmok Volcano, Aleutian...

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Apr 3, 2019
  83. s

    Crater Peak (Mt. Spurr), Alaska: Eruptions of 1992

    • cinergi.sdsc.edu
    • cmr.earthdata.nasa.gov
    tiff
    Updated 1994
  84. Impacts of the Calbuco eruption, Chile (NERC grant NE/N007271/1)

    • data.gov.uk
    • egdi.geology.cz
    html
    Updated Jul 22, 2020
  85. d

    Data from: Airborne volcanic ash; a global threat to aviation

    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    pdf
  86. r

    Data from: How local stress fields prevent volcanic eruptions

    • www.researchgate.net
    pdf
    Updated May 11, 2013
  87. d

    Ready to Erupt!

    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    Updated Apr 4, 2016
  88. Simplified Volcanic Hazards

    • catalog.data.gov
    • maps.torontopolice.on.ca
    • +3more
    Updated Dec 15, 2019
  89. d

    Tephra occurrence in Alaska: a map-based compilation of stratigraphic tephra...

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Apr 3, 2019
  90. d

    Mars from Above: Viewing Volcanoes

    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    Updated Oct 30, 2015
  91. d

    ScienceBase Item Summary Page

    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    Updated Dec 14, 2009
  92. d

    Data from: Ash fall contour map of the 2009 eruption of Redoubt Volcano,...

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Apr 9, 2015
  93. d

    Data from: Rapid, low-cost photogrammetry to monitor volcanic eruptions: an...

    • datadiscoverystudio.org
    Updated Oct 22, 2011
  94. c

    ISOL-ICE: Volcanic eruptions in the UKCA vn10.9 model with additional...

    • catalogue.ceda.ac.uk
    Updated May 5, 2020
  95. d

    Data release for results of societal exposure to California's volcanic...

    • catalog.data.gov
    • usgs.ornl.gov
    Updated Mar 7, 2020
  96. d

    Data from: Geology of Kasatochi volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska

    • catalog.data.gov
    Updated Apr 3, 2019
  97. P

    Plume-top altitude time-series during 2010 volcanic eruption of...

    • doi.pangaea.de
    • pangaea.figshare.com
    zip
    Updated May 15, 2011
  98. Fuego Volcano Eruption in Guatemala (2018-06-04)

    • data.europa.eu
    esri shape
    Updated Jun 4, 2018
  99. r

    Data from: The relationship between volcanic and seismic activity

    • www.researchgate.net
    Updated Apr 22, 2012
  100. o

    Locating the depth of magma supply for volcanic eruptions, insights from Mt....

    • explore.openaire.eu
    Updated Oct 7, 2016
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Volcano Eruptions

#TidyTuesday Week 20

zip (4191280 bytes)Available download formats
Dataset updated May 11, 2020
Authors
Jesse Mostipak
License

Unknown

Description

Context

The data this week comes from The Smithsonian Institution.

Axios put together a lovely plot of volcano eruptions since Krakatoa (after 1883) by elevation and type.

For more information about volcanoes check out the below Wikipedia article or specifically about VEI (Volcano Explosivity Index) see the Wikipedia article here. Lastly, Google Earth has an interactive site on "10,000 Years of Volcanoes"!

Content

Per Wikipedia:

A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.

Earth's volcanoes occur because its crust is broken into 17 major, rigid tectonic plates that float on a hotter, softer layer in its mantle. Therefore, on Earth, volcanoes are generally found where tectonic plates are diverging or converging, and most are found underwater.

Erupting volcanoes can pose many hazards, not only in the immediate vicinity of the eruption. One such hazard is that volcanic ash can be a threat to aircraft, in particular those with jet engines where ash particles can be melted by the high operating temperature; the melted particles then adhere to the turbine blades and alter their shape, disrupting the operation of the turbine. Large eruptions can affect temperature as ash and droplets of sulfuric acid obscure the sun and cool the Earth's lower atmosphere (or troposphere); however, they also absorb heat radiated from the Earth, thereby warming the upper atmosphere (or stratosphere). Historically, volcanic winters have caused catastrophic famines.

VEI Volcano Explosivity Index:

Volcano eruptions also can affect the global climate, a Nature Article has open-access data for a specific time-period of eruptions along with temperature anomalies and tree growth. More details can be found from NASA and the UCAR. A summary of the pay-walled Nature article can be found via the Smithsonian.

The researchers detected 238 eruptions from the past 2,500 years, they report today in Nature. About half were in the mid- to high-latitudes in the northern hemisphere, while 81 were in the tropics. (Because of the rotation of the Earth, material from tropical volcanoes ends up in both Greenland and Antarctica, while material from northern volcanoes tends to stay in the north.) The exact sources of most of the eruptions are as yet unknown, but the team was able to match their effects on climate to the tree ring records.

The analysis not only reinforces evidence that volcanoes can have long-lasting global effects, but it also fleshes out historical accounts, including what happened in the sixth-century Roman Empire. The first eruption, in late 535 or early 536, injected large amounts of sulfate and ash into the atmosphere. According to historical accounts, the atmosphere had dimmed by March 536, and it stayed that way for another 18 months.

Tree rings, and people of the time, recorded cold temperatures in North America, Asia and Europe, where summer temperatures dropped by 2.9 to 4.5 degrees Fahrenheit below the average of the previous 30 years. Then, in 539 or 540, another volcano erupted. It spewed 10 percent more aerosols into the atmosphere than the huge eruption of Tambora in Indonesia in 1815, which caused the infamous “year without a summer”. More misery ensued, including the famines and pandemics. The same eruptions may have even contributed to a decline in the Maya empire, the authors say.

There are additional datasets from the Nature article available as Excel files, but they are a bit more complicated - feel free to explore at your own discretion! If you use any of the Nature data, please cite w/ DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14565.

Acknowledgements

The data was downloaded and cleaned by Thomas Mock for #TidyTuesday during the week of May 11th, 2020. You can see the code used to clean the data in the #TidyTuesday GitHub repository.

What is Tidy Tuesday?

TidyTuesday A weekly data project aimed at the R ecosystem. As this project was borne out of the R4DS Online Learning Community and the R for Data Science textbook, an emphasis was placed on understanding how to summarize and arrange data to make meaningful charts with ggplot2, tidyr, dplyr, and other tools in the tidyverse ecosystem. However, any code-based methodology is welcome - just please remember to share the code used to generate the results.

Join the R4DS Online Learning Community in the weekly #TidyTuesday event! Every week we post a raw dataset, a chart or article related to that dataset, and ask you to explore the data. While the dataset will be “tamed”, it will not always be tidy!

We will have many sources of data and want to emphasize that no causation is implied. There are various moderating variables that affect all data, many of which might not have been captured in these datasets. As such, our guidelines are to use the data provided to practice your data tidying and plotting techniques. Participants are invited to consider for themselves what nuancing factors might underlie these relationships.

The intent of Tidy Tuesday is to provide a safe and supportive forum for individuals to practice their wrangling and data visualization skills independent of drawing conclusions. While we understand that the two are related, the focus of this practice is purely on building skills with real-world data.

All data will be posted on the data sets page on Monday. It will include the link to the original article (for context) and to the data set.

We welcome all newcomers, enthusiasts, and experts to participate, but be mindful of a few things: 1. The data set comes from the source article or the source that the article credits. Be mindful that the data is what it is and Tidy Tuesday is designed to help you practice data visualization and basic data wrangling in R. 2. Again, the data is what it is! You are welcome to explore beyond the provided dataset, but the data is provided as a "toy" dataset to practice techniques on. 3. This is NOT about criticizing the original article or graph. Real people made the graphs, collected or acquired the data! Focus on the provided dataset, learning, and improving your techniques in R. 4. This is NOT about criticizing or tearing down your fellow #RStats practitioners or their code! Be supportive and kind to each other! Like other's posts and help promote the #RStats community! 5. Use the hashtag #TidyTuesday on Twitter if you create your own version and would like to share it. 6. Include a picture of the visualisation when you post to Twitter. 7. Include a copy of the code used to create your visualization when you post to Twitter. Comment your code wherever possible to help yourself and others understand your process! 8. Focus on improving your craft, even if you end up with something simple! 9. Give credit to the original data source whenever possible.

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